H. P. Bulmer
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|Founder||H. P. Bulmer|
The company's two principal brands are its own Bulmers cider, which is sold worldwide, and Strongbow, which is sold across Europe, the US & Canada, Oceania and East Asia. The company is owned by Heineken International. HP Bulmer makes 65% of the five hundred million litres of cider sold annually in the United Kingdom and the bulk of the UK's cider exports. The firm's primary competitor is the Irish C&C Group and its Magners brand (which holds the licence to the Bulmers name within the Republic of Ireland only).
The founder was Henry Percival "Percy" Bulmer, the twenty-year-old son of the rector at Credenhill, the Reverend Charles H. Bulmer and his wife Mary. He is said to have taken his mother's advice to make a career in food or drink, "because neither ever go out of fashion".
Using apples from the orchard at his father's rectory and an old stone press on the farm next door, Percy Bulmer made the first cider, upon which the family fortune would be made.
In 1889, on leaving King's College, Cambridge, his elder brother Fred (Edward Frederick Bulmer), turned down the offer of a post as tutor to the children of the King of Siam to join Percy in his fledgling cider business.
With a £1,760 loan from their father, the brothers bought an 8 acres (3.2 ha) field just outside the city and built their first cider mill. It was little more than a barn compared to the huge modern stainless-steel computer-controlled cider-making plant that has grown up on a 75 acres (30.4 ha) site nearby.
Cider-making was then an unpredictable activity, the natural fermentation process being achieved by yeast contained within apples; meant that the cider often became sour. It was a college friend of Fred's, Dr Herbert Durham, who, in the 1890s, isolated a wild yeast to create the first pure cider yeast culture, which would ensure that fermentations were consistent. This was the start of commercial cider-making.
Bulmers was first granted the Royal Warrant in 1911 and continues today as Cider Maker to Her Majesty the Queen. It was incorporated as a private company on 27 June 1918. It described its cider as "The White Wine of England".
Percy Bulmer died in 1919, aged 52.
Strongbow was brought in from 1960.
Shares were offered in the company on the Stock Exchange on 7 December 1970. At this point, it was the world's largest producer of cider.
In 2003, the company was bought for £278 million by Scottish & Newcastle (S&N) with the loss of some 200 jobs initially. In 2008, S&N was bought for £7.8 billion by the Heineken group. Its Australia and New Zealand business interests were sold to Australian brewer Foster's. Bulmers now survives only as a brand name, with operations in Hereford scaled back considerably, principally producing cider. Apart from the 200 initial mainly administrative jobs lost in 2003 after the initial S&N merger, more losses were announced in 2008 when bottling ceased, although after the last batch of 65 job cuts it was pledged that there would be site production and investment of around £7.5m, including a second can line to be installed by 2011.
In 2006, the company relaunched Bulmers Original in the UK, a premium packaged cider aimed at the "served over ice" market, which grew in popularity. Bulmers Original is a 4.5% ABV cider sold primarily in pint (568 ml) bottles, but also on draught, in 1 litre bottles and in a 500 ml can. In 2007, the Bulmers range was joined by Bulmers Pear cider, and in Spring 2008 by Bulmers Light, with the same ABV as the Original but with 30% fewer calories. However, this was delisted a year later.
Amongst the other brands produced by Bulmers is Jacques, a 5.5% ABV cider. This is available in Fruit De Bois (cider with cherry, raspberry and blackcurrant flavours) and Jacques Orchard Fruits, launched in 2008.
In 2010, a limited edition Summer Blend of Bulmers was made, combining apple and pear flavours, and another limited edition version of Bulmers using specially selected red Katy Apples which are allowed to fully ripen in the orchards before harvesting, named Red Apple.
In 2011, Bulmer's released the limited edition Crisp Blend, made from sharper tasting apples, delivering a crisp and slightly drier flavour than the Original. Bulmers also rebranded themselves with a new look and new bottles.
The Bulmers naming tradition dates back to the early 1900s (at the time these were Bulmers 1 through to 8). They also number-coded the different varieties, with Original №9, Pear №10 and Crisp Blend №15. At the same time, №17 was introduced, made with the addition of crushed red berries and lime.
It is based off the A438 in the west of Hereford, directly south of Hereford Racecourse. The site covers around 95 acres. It has a cider factory and once contained a pectin factory. It used to be the main provider of pectin in the UK.
Apples for the cider are grown in England and France. In 2014 it was reported that Bulmers takes 90 per cent of its apples from orchards in Herefordshire.
- Scrumpy Jack
- Woodpecker Cider
- Jacques Cider with fruit
- Old Mout Cider
- Blind Pig, whiskey- and rum-flavoured ciders
- "HP Bulmer Company History". HP Bulmer Ltd. Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- "Bulmers – How It All Began". Herefordshire County Council. Archived from the original on 21 April 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- "Bulmer, Henry Percival [Percy] (1867–1919), cider maker". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001 (inactive 31 August 2020).CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of August 2020 (link)
- Treanor, Jill (29 April 2003). "£278m Bulmers buy completes S&N u-turn". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Carlsberg, Heineken Agree to Buy Scottish & Newcastle (Update7)". Bloomberg. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Bulmers cider announces job cuts". BBC News. 16 December 2008. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Bulmers cider firm cuts 65 jobs". BBC News. 13 October 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Bulmers limited edition Red Apple cider" Talking Retail 11 October 2010 Retrieved 16 November 2010
- "BULMERS INTRODUCES NEW LIMITED EDITION CRISP BLEND CIDER" Food & Drink Innovation Network February 21st, 2011 Retrieved 10 July 2011
- de Bruxelles, Simon (27 March 2014). "Cider drought feared after orchard floods". The Times. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
- "Blind Pig Cider". www.blindpigcider.co.uk (HP Bulmer Limited). Retrieved 8 May 2017.